From the new National Probation Service website:-
The government undertook the Transforming Rehabilitation consultation to understand where changes could be made. It found that reoffending rates are too high – which is detrimental to victims and communities and causes unnecessary costs to the taxpayer. To counteract this, we've begun to change how we deliver our services.
Until 2014, probation services were run by 35 regional trusts. Now, we're maximising impact and efficiency by transforming this structure.
The work previously done by those trusts is being split. 21 private sector Community Rehabilitation Companies will manage low and medium-risk offenders, whilst high-risk cases remain in our care. We're committed to cutting crime through working with offenders and these changes are giving us the means to do so.